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Certificate in Marine Pollution Prevention and Management

Study marine pollution issues, management strategies and contingency planning to minimise the environmental impact of shipping

Starts 17 March 2021

Online Learning

During the course you will study the following modules:

1.

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Pollution in Context: Causes and Effects, Governance, Regulations and Enforcement

The first module provides an overview of marine pollution types and covers topics such as the nature of casualties involving ships, pollution risks from vessels in distress, international, regional and local bodies, marine pollution control law, classification societies and salvors.

  • Overview of marine pollution types
    • What is marine pollution
  • Nature of casualties involving ships (capsizing and listing, collision, contact, fire or explosion, hull failure, etc.)
    • Description of selected incidents, including facts and assessment
  • Environmental effects
  • Pollution risks from vessels in distress: the use of places of refuge
  • Economic losses from marine pollution
  • International and regional bodies
    • International Maritime Organisation (IMO) Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC)
    • European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA)
    • Other bodies
  • Overview of marine pollution control law (legislation and regulations)
    • Overview of MARPOL 73/78
    • International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS)
    • International Safety Management (ISM) Code
    • The 1972 London Convention and the 1996 Protocol
  • Local bodies
    • National maritime agencies/bodies
    • Other national bodies involved with marine pollution
  • Classification societies and salvors: their involvement in assisting shipping companies to control marine pollution

2.

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Air Pollution and Greenhouse Gas Emissions

This module describes air pollution problem, covers overview of regulatory and non regulatory emission control initiatives, MARPOL Annex VI and Revised MARPOL Annex VI, current abatement technology solutions for SOx, NOx and PM and other substances, Energy Efficiency Design Index (EEDI) overview and application, Ship Energy Efficiency Management Plan (SEEMP) overview and application.

  • The air pollution problem and shipping
    • Basic concepts
    • Impact of emissions from vessels: SOx, NOx, particulate matter (PM), volatile organic compounds (VOC)
    • Greenhouse gases (GHG)
  • Overview of regulatory and non regulatory emission control initiatives
    • Limits in the content of marine fuels
    • Technical and operational measures
    • The challenge of market-based mechanisms
    • Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV)
  • MARPOL Annex VI and Revised MARPOL Annex VI
    • Targets, deadlines and compliance
    • Emission control areas (ECAs)
  • Regional approaches
    • EU, USA and Asia case studies
  • Current abatement technology solutions for SOx, NOx and PM and other substances
    • Scrubbers
    • Biofuels
    • The use of liquefied natural gas
  • Energy Efficiency Design Index (EEDI) overview and application
  • Ship Energy Efficiency Management Plan (SEEMP) overview and application
  • Problems and opportunities
    • Reconciling environmental objectives with cost efficiency

3.

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Ballast Water and Other Marine Pollutants

Third module covers environmental threats from the use of ballast water, anti-fouling systems, chemical pollution, bilge water/waste oil, ship scrapping and recycling.

  • Understanding the problem of environmental threats from the use of ballast water
    • Overview of the IMO response to the problem of invasive species
    • IMO Ballast Water Management (BWM) Convention
    • Ballast Water Management Plan, Ballast Water Exchange and Ballast Water Management Record Book
    • Compliance, including Ballast Water Management Techniques and Technologies
  • Anti-fouling systems
    • Background
    • IMO Convention on the Control of Harmful Anti-fouling Systems on Ships (AFS 2001)
  • Chemical pollution
    • HNS (Hazardous and Noxious Substances): Noxious Liquid Substances (NLS) (Annex II) & Harmful Substances in packaged form (Annex III)
    • SOLAS Chapter VII (Carriage of dangerous goods)
    • The International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code
  • Sewage and garbage and the dumping of other material, including waste management operations
    • Sewage (MARPOL Annex IV)
    • Garbage (MARPOL Annex V)
    • Dumping of waste and other material (1972 London Convention, 1996 Protocol)
  • Bilge water/waste oil
  • Ship scrapping and recycling
    • The Hong Kong International Convention for the Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships 2009

4.

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Oil Pollution and Offshore Activities

This module describes and explains the fundamentals of oil pollution, pollution risks in offshore oil and gas operations, SOLAS 1974 as amended and MARPOL 73/78, and other instruments, national legal frameworks, also covers Offshore Pollution Liability Association (OPOL) agreement, Oil Spill response and presents Deepwater Horizon Case Study.

  • The fundamentals of oil pollution
    • Major oil spills such as the Exxon Valdez, the Erika and the Prestige
    • The impact of oil pollution on humans
    • Environmental aspects
    • Economic losses
  • Pollution risks in offshore oil and gas operations
    • The concept of off-shore installation structures, including exploration, drilling, extraction and transport
  • SOLAS 1974 as amended and MARPOL 73/78, and other instruments
  • National legal frameworks
  • Offshore Pollution Liability Association (OPOL) agreement
  • Oil Spill response
    • Clean-up strategies including strategies
    • Crisis and media management
  • Case study: Deepwater Horizon
    • Technical lessons learned and legislative developments

5.

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Measurement and Management Systems

This module explores the pollution preparedness and response, discusses methods of intervention and minimisation of effects, sampling and analysis tools and techniques, shipboard monitoring, contingency planning, port reception facilities (IMO, EU and national level), the human element, accident investigation and surveys.

  • Pollution preparedness and response
    • International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Co-operation (OPRC 90)
    • The Protocol on Preparedness, Response and Co-operation to Pollution Incidents by Hazardous and Noxious Substances 2000 (OPRC-HNS Protocol)
  • Discussion on methods of intervention and minimisation of effects
  • Sampling and analysis tools and techniques (e.g. GIS geographic information systems, remote sensing etc.)
  • Shipboard monitoring
  • Documentation, reporting and communication
    • International Oil Pollution Prevention Certificate and Oil Record Books
    • Activities of the Oil Companies International Marine Forum
    • Reporting forms for reception facilities
  • Contingency planning
    • Vessel response plans
  • ISO 14000 series and environmental management
  • Port reception facilities (IMO, EU and national level)
  • The human element
    • The International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers (STCW)
    • The International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Fishing Vessel Personnel (STCW-F)
  • Accident investigation and surveys
    • How investigation and surveys are conducted
    • Marine Accident Investigation Branch (MAIB), UK Incident Reporting

6.

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Legal Issues, Including Insurance and Compensation

The final module describes the international instruments, the concept of limitation of liability in shipping, assessment and handling of claims, criminal liability, including prosecution and detention, US approach to liability and compensation and presents synthesis and application of lessons learnt through case studies.

  • The international instruments
    • United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) 1982 and marine pollution
    • Other instruments
  • The concept of limitation of liability in shipping
    • 1992 Civil Liability Convention (CLC) and 1992 Fund Convention, as amended
    • International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea (HNS Convention) 1996
    • Bunker Pollution Convention 2001
    • Liability issues and the protection of the Antarctic environment
  • Claims: assessment and handling
    • International Oil Pollution Compensation (IOPC) Funds
    • Protection and Indemnity (P&I) clubs
    • New pooling structure of International Group
  • Criminal liability, including prosecution and detention
    • The legal instruments
    • The persons concerned (the master, crew, shipowner and charterer)
  • US approach to liability and compensation
  • Synthesis and application of lessons learnt through case studies - approaching the problem of gaps and legal uncertainty caused by marine pollution in a proactive manner

I found the course very useful and the materials loaded with detailed information. The entire literature is very good for daily consultation in my work

Student,

 2013